Wonderful topography, interesting culture and scenic landscapes, as well as 848 bird species (500 of them in the Kathmandu Valley alone) are the main reasons for Nepal to find its way as one of the top bird watching destinations in Asia. .
Picturesque valleys, lowland jungles, wetlands, open fields, dense oak and rhododendron forests and windy Himalayan plateaus are just a few of the habitats you will find interesting on bird holidays. There are some endangered birds in the region, such as the Imperial Pheasant – the Nepali national bird – the Crane Sarus and the barbed sleuth.
The Kathmandu Valley
The birthplace of most Nepalese bird species, the diverse ecology of the region makes it fantastic to watch the birds. Holidays in the valley can take you through many of the areas described above – wetlands and open fields within the valley, as well as hills filled with rhododendron, oak and pine. One of the major birdlife in the region is the Phulchoki Hill, which has recorded about 265 species to date, including magic bats, thrushes, woodpeckers and eagles.
At the foot of the hill is the Royal Botanical Gardens, where about 100 species can be spotted, including spotted Buzzard and Tibetan Common. The Royal Forest of Nazherjun on Jamach Hill is another place preferred by bird enthusiasts over blue magpies, Bonelli eagles, large Himalayan barbecues, potassium pheasants and more.
255 species of birds, including blue fly agaric, red-headed blue fly agaric, blue thrush, long-tailed grazing, Indian peacock, big barbet and red-tinged blue magpie are recorded in Chitavan national park in the sub-tropical region of Terea, Nepal Nepalese birds watching the holidays.
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve in Biratnagar on the Koshi floodplain – a combination of shrubs, meadows and forests along the riverbank – has a highly variable environment that varies with the seasons. It experiences flooding during the monsoon months from May to September, and dries to expose the sandy islands during the dry seasons. A favorite stopover for birdwatching holidays, it is home to 280 bird species, including the Bengal Green Dove, 20 ducks, ibis, storks, herons, marsh partridges and other species not found elsewhere in Nepal.
Anapurna Conservation Area
Considered the largest and most protected region in the world, it maintains a remarkably diverse but highly sensitive biological system, which records 441 species of birds, including the only endemic bird species in Nepal – barbed flap. The bird habitats of Annapurna range from humid subtropical lowlands to dry alpine regions to the north. Other species that can be seen in the area at birdwatching festivals include a bearded vulture, golden eagle and six species of Himalayan pheasants.